In August 2023, Indian authorities continued to commit grave human rights violations in Indian-administered Kashmir (IAK).Indian forces killed at least eight people in IAK. The Jammu and Kashmir Police, Indian Army and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) carried out multiple raids, seizures, and cordon-and-search operations in IAK, resulting in at least five deaths and numerous arbitrary detentions. Media censorship and repression targeting journalists continued, including through the Indian government’s forcible silencing and closure of The Kashmir Walla. The Jammu and Kashmir administration expanded the already extensive system of physical and digital surveillance in IAK through a new identification system. The administration also continued to escalate forced demographic change in theregion through the construction of 6,000 transit accommodations for “migrants” employed by the government. Indian authorities’ broad denial of the right to free expression continued, including through the suspension of a public sector teacher for testifying in a case before India’s Supreme Court challenging the 2019 “abrogation” of Article 370 of India’s constitution and the commencement of criminal proceedings against people protesting new, discriminatory laws favored by India’s ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).