In March 2023, Indian authorities continued to commit grave human rights violations in Indian-administered Kashmir (IAK). Indian forces committed at least three extrajudicial killings. In addition, Indian authorities claimed to recover the mutilated corpse of Abdul Rashid Dar whom Indian forces abducted and forcibly disappeared in December 2022. Additionally, the Jammu & Kashmir administration continued its repression of the freedom of expression and violations of the social, economic, cultural, and political rights of Kashmiris. The administration continued its escalated campaign of expropriation and systematic dispossession of locals’ property through pretextual “anti-encroachment” drives. Two developments involving the Indian central government are expected to contribute to continued grave violations in IAK. First, the Indian Supreme Court ruled that mere membership in an association deemed unlawful by Indian authorities is sufficient grounds for prosecution under India's counterterror laws. Second, Indian authorities are actively procuring alternatives to the NSO Group’s Pegasus software. Indian authorities intensified their repression of human rights work in IAK through the arrest of human rights defender Irfan Mehraj and a second arrest of human rights defender Khurram Parvez in an ongoing case againt a leading human rgights organization, the Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS). This case against JKCCS is unique in that it criminalizes a leading human rights organization for doing human rights work per se.