In 2023, the already dire humanitarian and human rights situation in Indian-administered Kashmir (IAK) continued to deteriorate. This report enumerates select incidents illustrating longstanding, systematic violations in the region and emerging trends in the human rights crisis in IAK, including:
▪ Denial of the rights to freedom of expression, opinion and belief and the right to work through the termination of employment.
▪ Denial of the rights to freedom of expression, opinion and belief and collective punishment through the expropriation of homes and property.
▪ Denial of the rights to freedom of expression, opinion and belief through the criminalization of online speech.
▪ Denial of the rights to freedom of expression and assembly and the right to privacy through enhanced physical and electronic surveillance.
▪ Denial of the right to free expression and free movement through the cancellation of travel documents.
▪ Denial of social and political rights through the manipulation of nominally representative structures.
▪ Denial of economic rights, including through the systematic expropriation of land and related private investments.
▪ The acceleration of settler colonialism and forced demographic change.
▪ Denial of cultural rights, including through the Indianization of local names and systematic promotion of Hindi.